Standard Resolutions

Apart from some exotic display formats, most of the displays within consumer electronic devices, handheld devices or computer monitors match to a (more or less) standard display resolution.
The following tables contain a list of commonly used standard resolutions, used for computer graphics equipment, TV and video applications or mobile devices.

Resolutions of Computer Graphics Equipment

The following table contains a list of all popular computer display formats.

NameDimension (w x h)Aspect RatioPixels (*)Comment
CGA 320 x 200 16:10 62.5 k Color Graphics Adapter - first display standard for PCs with color displays.
QVGA 320 x 240 4:3 75.0 k Quarter VGA - Popular format for mobile devices.
VGA 640 x 480 4:3 300 k Video Graphics Array - Standard resolution for PC monitors in the 1990s, nowadays popular display resolution for PDAs.
SVGA 800 x 600 4:3 469 k Super VGA - introduced by VESA group.
WVGA 854 x 480 16:9 400 k Widescreen VGA - more or less unimportant format.
XGA 1024 x 768 4:3 768 k Extended Graphics Array
XGA+ 1152 x 768 3:2 864 k XGA Plus
WXGA 1280 x 800 16:10 1000 k Widescreen XGA (see also 1440 x 900)
  1280 x 854 3:2 1.04 M  
  1280 x 960 4:3 1.17 M  
SXGA 1280 x 1024 5:4 1.25 M Super XGA
SXGA+ 1400 x 1050 4:3 1.40 M Super XGA Plus
WXGA 1440 x 900 16:10 1.24 M Widescreen XGA (see also 1280 x 800)
  1440 x 960 3:2 1.32 M  
UXGA 1600 x 1200 4:3 1.83 M Ultra XGA
WSXGA+ 1680 x 1050 16:10 1.68 M Widescreen Super XGA Plus
WUXGA 1920 x 1200 16:10 2.20 M Widescreen Ultra XGA
QXGA 2048 x 1536 4:3 3.00 M Quad XGA
WQXGA 2560 x 1600 16:10 3.91 M Widescreen Quad XGA
QSXGA 2560 x 2048 5:4 5.00 M Quad Super XGA

* number of pixels: 1 k = 1024 and 1 M = 1024 k = 1048576

Resolutions of TV and Video Applications

The following table contains a list of all relevant resolutions defined by digital video standards and used within TV or video equipment. See also the video format page for additional information.

NameDimension (w x h)Aspect RatioPixels (*)Comment
QCIF 176 x 144 4:3 (**) 24.8 k Quarter Common Intermediate Format - Standard for video conferencing systems.
CIF 352 x 288 4:3 (**) 99.0 k Common Intermediate Format - Standard resolution for video conferencing systems to convert from PAL to NTSC or vice versa. Width and Height is a multiple of 16 to simplify the MPEG encoding (full image can be divided into 16x16 MPEG macroblocks).
NTSC (DV) 720 x 480 4:3 (**)
16:9 (**)
338 k NTSC is a composite video standard, mainly used in US, Canada, Japan and South Korea.
DV is a standard resolution for digital video recording in consumer products according NTSC standard. The DV resolution uses a multiple of 16 for width and height to simplify the MPEG encoding. Thus the number of lines is reduced from 486 to 480 compared with D1.
NTSC (D1) 720 x 486 4:3 (**)
16:9 (**)
342 k NTSC is a composite video standard, mainly used in US, Canada, Japan and South Korea.
D1 is a standard resolution (defined by SMPTE group) for professional video recording with NTSC standard.
NTSC (4:3) 720 x 540 4:3 380 k Necessary resolution to display NTSC (D1/DV) video in 4:3 format by using square pixel. Alternatively, 640 x 480 are used to display NTSC video.
PAL (D1/DV) 720 x 576 4:3 (**)
16:9 (**)
405 k PAL is a composite video standard similar to NTSC, mainly used in Europe, Asia and Australia. Since the width and the height of the PAL resolution is a multiple of 16, there is no difference between D1 and DV format.
PAL (4:3) 768 x 576 4:3 432 k Necessary resolution to display PAL (D1/DV) video in 4:3 format by using square pixel.
NTSC Widescreen 864 x 486 16:9 410 k Necessary resolution to display anamorphic NTSC (D1/DV) video in 16:9 format by using square pixel.
DVCPRO
HD 720
960 x 720 16:9 (**) 675 k Digital Video Cassette PROfessional - SMPTE Standard D12 in 720 p with up to 100 MBit/s.
PAL Widescreen 1024 x 576 16:9 576 k Necessary resolution to display anamorphic PAL (D1/DV) video in 16:9 format by using square pixel.
HDTV 720 1280 x 720 16:9 900 k High Definition Television with 1 M Pixel.
  1366 x 768 16:9 1.00 M Popular resolution for LCD TVs with 1 M Pixel.
DVCPRO
HD 1080
1280 x 1080 16:9 (**) 1.32 M Digital Video Cassette PROfessional - SMPTE Standard D12 in 1080i with up to 100 MBit/s.
HDV 1440 x 1080 16:9 (**) 1.48 M High Definition Video - standard format for consumer HD digital video with pixel aspect ratio of 1.33. The video is stored by using MPEG-2 compression.
AVCHD 1440 x 1080 16:9 (**) 1.48 M Advanced Video Codec High Definition - standard format for consumer HD digital video with pixel aspect ratio of 1.33. The video is stored by using MPEG-4 (H.264) compression.
D4 1440 x 1024 4:3 (**)
16:9 (**)
1.41 M Unimportant format for non-realtime recording of high-resolution digital video as four D1 frames.
HDTV 1080 1920 x 1080 16:9 1.98 M High Definition Television with 2 M Pixel.
D16 2880 x 2048 4:3 (**)
16:9 (**)
5.63 M Format for non-realtime recording of high-resolution digital video as sixteen D1 frames.

* number of pixels: 1 k = 1024 and 1 M = 1024 k = 1048576
** using non-square pixels (see aspect ratio for additional information).

Resolutions of Mobile Devices

The following table contains a list of display resolutions commonly used within mobile devices, like cell phones, PDAs, portable DVD players, digital cameras or navigation systems. Even many displays are mounted in portrait format, the dimension is written here in landscape format (width >= height).

Dimension (w x h)Aspect RatioPixels (*)Comment
128 x 128 1:1 16.0 k Square display format, used in MP3 players (some with JPEG viewer) and in a few mobile phones.
160 x 128 5:4 20.0 k Used in MP3 players (with JPEG viewer), mobile phones and mobile navigation systems.
160 x 160 1:1 25.0 k Square display format, used in a few mobile navigation systems.
208 x 176   35.8 k Used in a few mobile phone models and portable multimedia players.
208 x 208 1:1 42.3 k Used in a some mobile phone models.
220 x 176 5:4 37.8 k Popular display format, used in several mobile phones and mobile navigation systems.
240 x 180 4:3 42.2 k Used in some mobile navigation systems.
256 x 256 1:1 64.0 k Unimportant resolution of a few mobile devices.
280 x 220   60.2 k Used in digital cameras.
288 x 160   45.0 k Used in some mobile navigation systems.
320 x 240 4:3 75.0 k QVGA standard resolution - very popular display format, used in many mobile phone models, mobile navigation systems and digital cameras.
320 x 256 5:4 80.0 k Used in mobile phones.
320 x 320 1:1 100 k Standard resolution for the first generation of PDAs.
345 x 240   80.9 k Used in a few mobile phone models.
384 x 234   87.8 k Unimportant resolution, used in some small digital photo frames.
400 x 240   93.8 k Used in mobile phones.
416 x 352   143 k Used in a few mobile phone models.
480 x 234   110 k Used in mobile navigation systems, small digital photo frames and portable DVD players or DVB-T receivers.
480 x 272   128 k Popular display format, used in mobile navigation systems, portable multimedia players or camcorders.
480 x 320 3:2 150 k Standard display format, used in many PDA models.
640 x 480 4:3 300 k VGA resolution - standard display resolution of many PDAs and digital photo frames.
800 x 480   375 k Used in several portable multimedia/video players.
800 x 600 4:3 469 k SVGA resolution - used in several PDA models.
960 x 540 16:9 506 k New format for mobile devices with quarter HD resolution - easy to scale down from HD format with 1920 x 1080 resolution.

* number of pixels: 1 k = 1024

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